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Sodium

People living with diabetes often have high blood pressure. Over time high blood pressure can damage your blood vessel walls and lead to heart disease and stroke.

  • If you have high blood pressure you need to manage it.
  • If you do not have high blood pressure you can learn ways to prevent it.

Following the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) can help you reach your target blood pressure.

Salt and sodium are often used as though they are the same thing, but they are different.

  • Sodium is a mineral that is found naturally in foods or added to foods by food makers.
  • Table salt is a mixture of sodium and chloride. By weight, salt is about 40% sodium and 60% chloride.

Your body needs some sodium, but too much sodium in your diet is linked to high blood pressure.

What is High Blood Pressure?

Your heart pumps blood around your body through blood vessels. Blood pressure measures the force of your blood against your blood vessel (artery) walls.

High blood pressure happens when the force of blood against your blood vessel walls is too strong. High blood pressure is called 'hypertension'. There are often no signs of high blood pressure but when blood pressure is high, it can damage your heart, eyes, kidneys and brain.

People living with diabetes often have high blood pressure. High blood sugar makes it more likely that you will have high blood pressure. Over time high blood pressure can damage your blood vessel walls and lead to heart disease and stroke.

People living with diabetes are at a very high risk of heart disease and stroke. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease for people with diabetes.

Take Action

  • If you have high blood pressure you need to manage it.
  • If you do not have high blood pressure you can learn ways to prevent it.

You can lower or prevent high blood pressure by the foods you eat each day.

Find out how Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) can help you reach your target blood pressure ยป

Last Reviewed: 10/16/2016