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Healtheuniversity > English > Diabetes College > Treat Diabetes > Health Problems with Diabetes > Tests That Screen for Problems

Tests That Screen for Problems

There are tests to screen for problems related to diabetes. Screening tests help you find problems early.

  • The A1c test checks your blood sugar over the last 3 months.
  • The neuropathy test checks your nerves.
  • The nephropathy or albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) test checks your kidneys.
  • The retinopathy test checks your eyes.

Your body changes with diabetes. It is important to listen to your body.

There are tests to screen for problems. These tests will assess your:

Each test is used to screen for a different problem. Ask your doctor for more information about each test.

Take an active role to manage your diabetes. Manage your blood sugar to prevent health problems.

Screening tests help you find problems early.

A1c (blood sugar) Test

What does the A1c test measure?

This test shows your blood sugar over the last 3 months. This test uses a sample of your blood. It doesn't matter when you last ate or drank. The test counts the number of red blood cells with sugar. The results are shown in percent (%). This number can be changed into an average blood sugar.   

When is this test done?

When you find out you have diabetes (at diagnosis) and every 3 months after that.

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Neuropathy (nerves) Test

What does the neuropathy test measure?

Your foot doctor (chiropodist) will use a monofilament (an instrument made of a soft nylon fiber) to assess your feet for:

  • numbness
  • vibration
  • light touch
  • reflexes

When is this test done?

When you find out you have daibetes (at diagnosis) and once a year after that.

Note: If you have skin changes, see your doctor.

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Nephropathy (kidney disease) or Albumin/Creatinine Ratio (ACR) Test

What does the nephropathy or albumin/creatinine ratio test measure?

Your doctor will ask you to go to a lab to have your blood and pee tested.

When is this test done?

When you find out you have diabetes (at diagnosis) and once a year after that.

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Retinopathy (eyes) Test

What does the retinopathy test measure?

Your eye doctor will examine your eyes for signs of eye damage.

When is this test done?

When you find out you have diabetes (at diagnosis) and once a year after that.

Note: If you have vision changes, see your doctor.

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Last Reviewed: 10/16/2016