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Healtheuniversity > English > Diabetes College > Treat Diabetes > Health Problems with Diabetes > Eyes


What Can Happen?

Diabetes can damage your eyes. It affects the way your eyes function. This can lead to many eye diseases. These diseases can cause vision changes and blindness. Diseases include:

  • retinopathy. Retinopathy means there is damage to the blood vessels in your retina. Your retina is at the back of your eye. Your retina is used to sense light. You need your retina to see. Long term damage to your retina can cause you to go blind.
  • cataract. A cataract is when there is cloudiness on the lens of your eye. Your lens is at the front of your eye. Your lens is what you see through. Cloudiness on your lens causes you to lose your vision.
  • glaucoma. Glaucoma means there is a buildup of fluid in your eye. This fluid causes pressure. The pressure can damage the nerve going to and from your eye. The nerve sends information from your eyes to your brain. Damage to your nerve can cause changes in your vision.

What Can I Do?

Take Action

If you feel a change in your vision then take action.

  • Talk to your doctor as soon as you can.
  • Get your eyes checked every year by your eye doctor (an optometrist or ophthalmologist).
  • Get treatment for retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.
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Last Reviewed: 10/16/2016